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名师总结:2010年高考英语必备经典句型(5)

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  • 发布时间:2013-06-17 12:28:37
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  51. ing作宾语

  Forget, remember,regret, try, mean, go on, stop

  Forget doing忘记曾做过 forget to do忘记去做(没做)

  Its funny that I forgot telling him and went to tell him again.

  When you leave the classroom, dont forget to put away all the things.

  Remember doing记得做过 remember to do 记着要去做

  I still remember being taken to Beijing when I was young.

  When you pass by the post office, do remember to post the letter for me.

  Regret doing后悔;遗憾做过 regret to do 很遗憾要做

  I didnt pass the exam. How I regretted having wasted so much time playing.

  I regret to tell you the news that you will be fired next month.

  Try doing尝试做 try to do尽力干

  If you cant work out the maths problem in this way, why not try using another way?

  As a student, we should try to be all-around, we should simply seek high marks.

  Mean doing意味着 mean to do打算要

  I had meant to come early for the meeting, but I was held up by the traffic jam.

  Missing the train means waiting for another two hours.

  Go on doing继续干原来所做的事情 go on to do做完一件事,接着做另一件事

  Tired and thirsty as they were, they went on working in the sun.

  After we finish learning Lesson One , we will go on to do some listening.

  Stop to do..停下来去做. Stop doing.停止做

  Stop speaking and just listen to me.

  When he saw we were in trouble, he stopped to help us out.

  Thank sb for doing谢谢某人做过

  Thank sb to do sth 拜托某人干

  Thank you for helping me so much.

  Ill thank you to leave my things alone. Its none of your business.

  Need/ require/ want(需要)/ deserve(值得) doing(主动表被动)

  Be worth doing主动表被动

  It has been a long time since the house was thoroughly cleaned. Now as New Years Day is around the corner, I think the house needs (requires, wants) cleaning. (=the house needs/requires/wants to be cleaned)

  He is worth praising.= he deserves praising, for he has done so many good things.

  His car has been in bad repair and now it badly needs repairing.

  Devote.to/ look forward to/ stick to/ be used to/ object to反对/ get down to着手干 doing(to为介

  I look forward to hearing from you soon.

  He devoted all his life to teaching and has no time to attend his children.

  My mother strongly objected to my playing computer games in the cyber bar.

  Well prepared, they got down to shooting the TV play.

  But/ except to do/ do

  这种句型如介词前有行为动词do,后面应接不带to的不定式;如无do,则接带to的不定式.

  The enemy soldiers had no choice but to give in.

  How happily the baby lives, it does nothing but eat, sleep and play.

  Faced with disasters, there is nothing for us to do but keep up our courage and take action.

  In cold winter, most cold-blooded animals have no choice but to lie down and sleep.

  Had better/ best do.最好干..

  When hurricane is coming, youd better stay indoor.

  Now that you have been bored with the life in the countryside, youd better go to the cities to seek more chances.

  Prefer to do rather do.愿意干.而不愿意干.

  Would rather do than do= would do rather than do

  Rather than ride on a crowded bus,he always prefers to ride a bicycle.

  Id rather read something at home than go to the park in such weather.

  Cannot but,/ cannot help but,/cannot choose but do 不得不.; 只好..

  We could not but weep at our bad luck.

  Its raining hard. I cannot help but stay at home.

  Being endangered, most animal cannot choose but want for their destiny.

  There be句型表示什么地方有..

  52. 注意:there be 之后如有几个并列主语时,用is 或are取决于第一个主语是单数还是复数,单数用is,复数用are.

  There is a pen, a pencil and two books on the desk.

  There are several students playing on the playground.

  There will be an important conference named The Earth Summit to be held here.

  There have been great changes in my hometown ever since 1978.

  There must be something wrong with the cell phone.

  注意:there be句型也可以有其它形式变化,常见的有seem to be, happen to be, appear to be, used to be, is likely to be

  There seems / appears to be much hope of our team winning the match.

  There is likely to be more difficulties than expected while carrying out the experiment.

  The thief broke in, to his delight, there happened to be nobody in the room.

  注意 there be句型中的be动词,也可以替换成其它词,常见的有live, remain, come, stand, lie, occur, exist, follow等动词.

  Once there lived many dinosaurs here millions and millions of years ago.

  There stands a skyscraper in front our teaching building.

  There came a time when most of people had no freedom to speak.

  There occurred/ existed human beings about 5000 years ago.

  There followed a dead silence after a strange noise.

  There exist serious problems in the world and we should take action to solve them before it is too late.

  注意:there be句型的独立主格形式作状语:

  There being no buses, we had to walk home.

  =because there were no buses, we had to walk home.

  There having been no rain for a long time, the crops in the field died.

  =because there had been no rain for a long time, the crops in the field died.

  (有连词用句子,没有连词用there be独立主格形式作状语)

  There be句型的非谓语形式:

  I dont want there to be any misunderstandings between us.

  Whats the chance of there being an election this years?

  Its not unusual for there to be a generation gap between teachers and students.

  There is no point/ sense in doing so.

  53. Its up to sb to do ..由..来; 靠.来

  Whether we give up or go on with the experiment, its all up to our tutor professor to decide.

  Its up to you to babysit my son when I am away on business.

  Be up to sth胜任,从事于

  Michael is not really up to that job.

  They are whispering in the corner as if they are up to no good.

  54. do, does, did用于一般现在时或一般过去时强调谓语动词

  对比:

  He is an all-around student. // He does be an all-around student.

  He took great pains to help us. // he did take great pains to help us.

  Be careful ! // Do be careful !

  You teenagers do make great difference to your parents.

  55. it 强调句

  强调句的基本构成:It is / was 被强调部分 who/that 剩余部分

  原句的谓语动词如果是现在或将来时态用It is .that / who.

  如原句的谓语动词是过去时态,则用It was.that/who.

  强调时间,地点,原因或方式时不要用when, where, how,必须用that.

  (1)I saw him in the street yesterday afternoon.

  ---It was I who saw him in the street yesterday afternoon.

  (2)when did you see him in the street?

  ----when was it that you saw him in the street?

  (3)who did you see in the street yesterday?

  ----who was it that you saw in the street yesterday?

  (4)he didnt go to bed until his mother came back.

  ----It was not until his mother came back that he went to bed.

  (5) I dont know when he will come back.

  ----I dont know when it is that he will come back.

  (6) It is only when you nearly lose someone that you fully realize how much you value him.

  ----Only when you nearly lose someone, you fully realize how much you value him.

  (7)It wasnt until his father came back from work that he got down to doing his homework.

  (8) It was because the traffic was very heavy during the rush hour, I was late again.

  56. as/so far as.就而言

  So far as I know, the book will be published next month.

  As far as Im concerned, chatting online is a waste of time and money.

  57.what/how about怎么样, 表示建议

  How about signing up for the physics competition?

  What about the two of us going picnicking this Sunday ?

  58. It follows that因此..

  It is natural for people to be attracted to beautiful things. It follows that most women desire nothing but to look beautiful.

  With the development of society, it is necessary for us students to have a good knowledge of English and computer. It follows that we should work hard at English.

  59. It occurred to me that我突然想到..

  It occurred to me that I had ever seen him before.

  It occurred to me that I should ask the police for help.

  60. there is no need to没有必要.

  As a boy of eighteen, he knows how to take care of him, so there is no need to be worried about him.

  There is no need to worry about such a small mistake.

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