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2010年中考英语复习资料词汇辨析4

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  • 发布时间:2015-05-03 21:23:51
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121. live on, live by
  live on以为主食,live by靠谋生 live on fish/ live by fishing
  122. beat, hit, strike
  beat连续性地击打;hit打中,对准打;strike打一下或若干下 beat the wings
  123. meet, meet with
  meet遇到,meet with体验到,遭遇到 meet with an accident
  124. lose, miss
  lose失去(具体的物体),错过 sth. is lost, lose the chance;miss 想念,错过sth. is missing,
  miss the chance
  125. be tired of, be tired with/from
  be tired of厌烦,be tired with/from因为而累了 be tired with/from running 800 meters
  126. care about, care for
  care about关心,计较,在乎,一般多用于否定句中;care for关心,照料,喜欢,愿意
  He doesn"t care about his clothes. I don"t care for movies.
  127. catch a cold, have a cold
  catch a cold不能和表示一段时间的状语连用,而have a cold可以
  She has had a cold for a week.
  128. change for, change into
  change for调换成,change into变成 Change the shirt for a bigger one. Water changes into ice.
  129. continue, last
  二者均为持续,continue主动,被动均可,last只能用主动 The war continued/lasted five years. The story is to be continued.
  130. feed, raise
  feed喂养,养活,饲养 (to give food to), raise饲养,养育 (cause to grow, bring up children)
  raise the family
  131. go for a doctor, go to a doctor
  go for a doctor去请医生,go to a doctor去看病
  132. notice, observe, catch sight of
  notice注意到,observe观察,仔细地看,catch sight of突然看到 observe the stars
  133. insist on, stick to
  insist on坚持要求,后常接doing, stick to坚持, 后常接sth. stick to the plan
  134. look, seem, appear
  look指从外表上看,seem指内心的判断,appear指给人以表面的印象 appear wise,
  look like his father
  135. gather, collect
  gather把分散的东西集中到一起, collect指精心地、有选择地进行收集 collect stamps
  136. mean to do, mean doing
  mean to do打算,想要做某事,mean doing意思是,意味着
  By this I mean giving the students more practice.
  137. die from, die of
  die from表示死于(枪)伤,虚弱,过度劳累,饮食过度等,die of表示死于疾病,饥饿,
  寒冷,年老,忧愁,失恋等精神因素 die of hunger and cold
  138. pay for, pay back, pay off
  pay for为付钱,pay back还钱,但不一定还清,pay off还清 pay for the book, pay off the debt
  139. divide, separate
  divide把一个整体分成几部分,separate把连在一起的个体分开
  divide the apple, separate the houses
  140. arrive, get, reach
  arrive不及物动词,后接in (大地点),at(小地点),get不及物动词后接to,reach及物动词
  arrive in Beijing, get to Beijing, reach Beijing
  141. grow, plant
  grow使某种植物在某地生长着或使其发展下去,plant移植,移栽已经长成秧苗的植物
  plant the trees, trees are growing
  142. manage, try
  manage to do设法做成了某事,try to do尽力去做某事但不一定成功
  He tried to pass the exam, but he failed.
  143. choose, select
  choose凭个人的判断力进行选择,select有目的地仔细认真地选择 choose the best answer
  144. build, put up, set up, found
  build一般用语,建成,put up临时搭建,set up建成(内部的设施基本齐全),
  found国家或组织的建成 put up a tent, set up a school
  145. be familiar to, be familiar with
  be familiar to某物对某人来说是熟悉的,be familiar with某人熟悉某物
  The book is familiar to me. I"m familiar with the book.
  146. agree with, agree to, agree on
  agree with同意某人,agree to同意某事,agree on在上达成一致意见,主语是复数 agree with you, agree to the plan
  147. throw to, throw at  
  throw to扔到, throw at朝扔 He throw a stone at me.
  148. receive, accept
  receive收到某一东西,但不一定接受,accept接受 I received a gift, but I didn"t accept it.
  149. wear, put on, dress
  wear和dress表状态,wear接衣服等,可用进行时,dress接人,be dressed in, put on表动作
  It"s cold outside. Put on your warm clothes.
  150. listen, hear  
  listen强调动作,hear强调结果 I listened, but I heard nothing.
  151. look, see, watch
  look看的动作,see看的结果,watch强调所看物体的变化、移动和发展watch TV
  152. lie, lay  
  lie躺,位于(lay, lain),说谎(lied, lied),lay平放(laid, laid) lay the book
  153. work as, act as
  work as工作是,act as充当某种职务或身份,或扮演某种角色 He works as a teacher.
  He acts as an interpreter.
  154. move, remove
  move动一动,但不一定移走,remove从一处移到另一处 remove the table to the kitchen
  155. hurt, injure, wound
  hurt感情上受伤,injure事故中受伤,wound战争中受伤 He was wounded in the war.
  156. turn, get, grow
  turn表突变,后常接表颜色的词,get强调变的结果,grow强调过程,逐渐的变化
  turn yellow, get tired, grow big
  157. close, shut, turn off
  close和shut当关解时可以通用,用于可开合的物体,turn off用于指有开关的物体
  Close/Shut the door. Turn off the TV.
  158. set out, set about, set off
  指出发,着手解时,set out 后接 to do,set about 后接doing, set off 后接 for sp.
  159. begin, start
  begin侧重时间的开始,反义词为end,start侧重由静到动的转折,反义词为stop
  Class begins at 7:30a.m.
  160. happen, take place
  happen偶然性的没有预料到的事情的发生,take place必然性的发生
  Great changes have taken place in my hometown.

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