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高三英语知识点综合训练4

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高三英语知识点综合训练4

   12.

   go wrong 变坏,变得糟糕,出错,go 用做联系动 ,表示状况由好变坏。

   go bad 变坏,变腐烂

   go hungry 挨饿

   go mad 发疯

   The computer went wrong. 电脑坏了。

   Fish goes bad in hot weather. 热天鱼很快腐烂。

   He has gone deaf. 他变聋了。

   13.

   think highly/well/much of 对---评价很高

   think ill/badly/poorly/little of 对---评价不好

   Premier Zhou was highly thought of in China. 周总理在中国深受好评。

   Not all the teachers are well thought of by the students. 学生不是对所有老师印象都好。

   highly, high 都可用作副词,high表示具体的高度,highly表示引申含义,高度地。类似表达还有wide/widely, deep/deeply, close/closely。

   He jumped very high. 他跳得很高。

   We all speak highly of Mr. Smith. 我们对史密斯先生评价很高。

   Open your mouth wide. 把嘴张大。

   English is widely used in the world. 英语在世界上被广泛使用。

   He dived deep into the sea. 他潜到海里很深的地方。

   They were deeply moved when hearing this. 听到这些,他们被深深地感动了。

   14.manner

   (1) 礼貌,规矩,用复数manners

   It"s bad manners to talk with a full mouth. 嘴里吃着东西是很不礼貌的。

   Mind your manners. 注意礼貌。

   (2) 态度,举止,用作不可数名词。

   His manner shows his honesty. 他的态度表明了他的诚实。

   Though ugly in appearance, he is soft in manner. 虽然他的相貌丑陋,但举止很温柔。

   (3) 手段,方法,用作可数名词。

   He told the story in a frightening manner. 他以吓人的方式讲故事

   Do it in this manner. 用这种方式来做。

   15.interrupt vt. vi.

   (1) 打断,插嘴

   It"s not polite to interrupt a speaker. 打断别人说话是不礼貌的。

   Don"t interrupt; let him go on speaking. 别插嘴,让他继续说。

   (2) 阻止,中断

   I interrupt my work to watch TV. 我停下手里的活去看电视。

   The war interrupted the trade between the two countries. 战争中断了两国间的贸易。

   16.impression n. 印象

   get an impression 得到某印象

   have/make a good impression on sb. 给某人留下好印象

   be under the impression that 觉得,以为

   What were your first impressions of Beijing? 你对北京的第一印象如何?

   The book left/made a deep impression on him. 这本书给他留下了深刻的印象。

   What he said gave her a bad impression. 他的话给它留下了恶劣的印象。

   Everybody had the impression that she was a good match for the young man.

   每个人都觉得她和那个年轻人是天生的一对。

   17.mean vt.

   (1) 意味着

   Life to him means struggle. 对他来说生活 意味着斗争。

   His words means a lot to me. 他的话对我来说意味着许多。

   What do you mean by saying this? 你说这话是什么意思?

   Nodding the head means agreement. 点头就是同意。

   (2) mean to do 打算做某事

   What do you mean to do next? 下一步你打算做什么?

   I mean to write a letter to my girlfriend. 我打算给我的女朋友写封信。

   I know I have hurt her feelings, but I didn"t mean to.

   我知道我伤害了她,但这不是我的本意。

   I had meant to apologize to him, but I changed my mind.

   我本打算向他道歉,但又改变了主意。

   (3) mean doing 意味着---

   Her smile means being happy. 她的微笑意味着正高兴。

   Waving the hand means saying goodbye. 挥手意味着道别。

   If it means delaying one more week, I will not wait.

   如果这意味着拖延一个星期,我就不等了。

   (4) mean sb. to do 打算要某人做---

   I mean you to repair my bike. 我打算要你给我修自行车。

   I had meant you to get up early, but you got up late.

   我本打算要你早起,但你起晚了。

   He meant his son to succeed. 他要他的儿子成功。

   (5) means n. 手段,方法;工具(单复数同形)

   a means of transportation 交通工具

   a means of communication 通讯方式

   by all means 无论如何,务必

   by means of 借助---

   by this means 通过这种方式

   They tried all possible means. 他们尝试过一切可能的方式。

   There is/are no means of getting there. 没有办法可以到达那里。

   Finish it by all means. 无论如何都要完成它。

   Thoughts can also be expressed by means of music. 思想也可借助音乐表达。

   We"ll be connected with that factory by this means. 我们将用这种方式与那个工厂联系。

   18.must 表推测

   (1) 对现在事实的推测,用 must be/do sth.

   对过去事实的推测,用must have done

   He must be over 70 now. 他现在肯定有70多岁了。

   He knows something about Beijing. I think he must have been there.

   他对北京有所了解,我想他一定去过那儿。

   (2) 表推测否定形式为 can"t do, can"t/couldn"t have done。

   He can"t be from America, for his English is not good at all.

   他不可能是从美国来的,因为他的英语一点也不好。

   He can"t have bought this book, for he is reading mine.

   他不可能买了这本书,因为他正在看我的。

   (3) 含must表推测的句子,反意疑问句应根据实际时态的动词形式决定。

   He must be Mr. Chen, isn"t he?

   (去掉must后的陈述句为:He is Mr. Chen.)

   He must have stayed at home yesterday, didn"t he?

   (还原为: He stayed at home yesterday.)

   You must have met him before, haven"t you?

   (还原为:You have met him before.)

   高考 链接:

   (1) ---Tom graduated from college at a very young age.

   ---Oh, he ____ have been a very smart student. (NMET 2004)

   A. could B. should C. might D. must

   答案:D

   分析:对过去情况的肯定推测,用must have done。

   (2) He ____ have completed his work; otherwise, he wouldn"t be enjoying himself by the seaside. (北京2005)

   A. should B. must C. wouldn"t D. can"t

   答案:B

   分析: 同上题。

   (3) I _____ have been more than six years old when the accident happened.

   A. shouldn"t B. couldn"t C. mustn"t D. needn"t

   答案:B

   分析:对过去的否定推测用 can"t/couldn"t have done。

   19.introduce vt.

   (1) 介绍

   Let me introduce myself first. 先让我作一下自我介绍。

   May I introduce you to Mr. Brown? 让我介绍你跟布郎先生认识好吗?

   (2) 引进,提出

   They introduced the idea that children could learn to read as babies.

   他们提出在婴儿阶段就可教小孩认字这个想法。

   Who introduced the bad idea? 谁提出的这个糟糕的想法?

   They introduced a topic for discussion. 他们提出议题供讨论。

   (3) (以---)开始

   I introduced my class with a funny story. 我以一个有趣的故事开始我的课。

   What did he introduce the program with? 他以什么开始节目的?

   Relative pronouns introduce adjective clauses. 关系代词引出定语从句。

   (4) 使认识,使知道

   Tom introduced me to jazz. 汤姆使我了解了爵士乐。

   Watching TV programs introduced me to this play.

   看电视使我了解了这个戏剧。

   20.否定前缀

   (1) in-

   indirect adj. 间接的

   inability n. 无能力

   inaction n. 无行动

   (2) un-

   unhappy 不高兴的 unlike 不像的

   uncomfortable 不舒服的 uncommon 不常见的

   unable 不能的 uncertain 不确定的

   unafraid 不害怕的

   (3) dis-

   disagree 不同意 dislike 不喜欢 disabled 残废的

   (4) im-

   impossible 不可能的 improbable 不大可能的 impolite 没礼貌的

   (5) non-

   nonstop 不停的 non-smoker 不吸烟者

   否定前缀词作谓语时,反意疑问部分通常仍用否定形式。

   He disagrees to my plan, doesn"t he? 他不同意我的计划,是吗?

   Tom is unlike his mother, isn"t he? 汤姆不象他妈妈,是吗?

   21.fashion n. 流行,时髦,时尚

   a fashion show 时装表演

   set a/the fashion 领导潮流

   follow the fashion 赶时髦

   come into fashion 流行起来

   go out of fashion 渐渐过时

   be in fashion 正流行

   be out of fashion 不再流行

   Wide trousers are the latest fashion. 宽腿裤是最新流行的款式。

   She arranged flowers in/after her own fashion. 她以自己的方式插花。

   Fashions for men"s clothes change less frequently than fashions for women"s clothes.

   男装的式样不如女装的式样变化多。

   When did that style of dress come into/go out of fashion?

   那种衣服的样式什么时候流行/不流行?

   * fashionable adj. 时髦的,流行的

   a fashionable dressmaker 有钱人光顾的裁缝

   a fashionable summer resort 时髦的避暑胜地

   22.besides

   (1) prep. 除了---之外还有---

   There were three more visitors besides me. 除我之外,还有三位访客。

   Besides being a scholar, he was a famous writer. 他除了是位学者,还是位有名的作家。

   Do you have any other books besides these?

   除了这些书,你还有没有其它的呢?

   (2) 除了---之外(不再有),用于否定句,相当于except.

   Nobody knows the truth besides him. 除他之外没有人知道真相。

   (3) adv. 而且,此外

   She is still young and beautiful besides. 她仍然年轻而且漂亮。

   It is too late to go now. Besides, it is beginning to rain.

   现在出去太晚了,而且开始下雨了。

   同步练习:

   一、单项选择:

   1.The roof fell _____ he had time to rush out.

   A. until B. before C. when D. since

   2.We walked as fast as we could, _____ to catch the early train.

   A. hoped B. having hoped C. for hoping D. hoping

   3.Luckily, the bullet narrowly missed the captain _____ an inch.

   A. by B. at C. to D. from

   4.---We haven"t heard from Jane for a long time.

   ---What do you think _____ to her?

   A. was happening B. to happen C. has happened D. having happened

   5.Beyond _____ stars, the astronauts saw nothing but _____ space.

   A. the, / B. /, the C. /, / D. the, the

   6.---Why haven"t you bought any butter?

   ---I ____ to, but I forgot about it.

   A. liked B. wished C. meant D. expected

   7.---I must apologize ____ you know ahead of time.

   ---That"s all right.

   A. for letting not B. for not letting C. to let D. not to let

   8.Won"t you shut up? I think you ______.

   A. were going too far B. had done wrong

   C. did wrong D. are going too far

   9.Hurry up! The train ______. You know it _____ at 8:30 am.

   A. leaves, leaves B. is leaving, leaves

   C. leaves, is leaving D. is leaving, is leaving

   10.---Have a nice weekend!

   ---______.

   A. The same to you

   B. You do too

   C. The same as you

   D. You have it too

   11.It was raining heavily. Little Mary felt cold, so she stood ____ to her mother.

   A. close B. closely C. closed D. closing

   12.We thought of selling this old furniture, but we"ve decided to _____ it. It might be valuable.

   A. hold on to B. keep C. turn to D. look after

   13.He was so ____ when he saw a _____ snake that he jumped _____.

   A. frightened, frightened, in fright

   B. frightened, frightening, with fright

   C. frightening, frightening, in fright

   D. frightening, frightened, with fright

   14.The factory is ______ new techniques from abroad this year.

   A. borrowing B. buying C. bringing D. introducing

   15.---Let me introduce myself. I"m Robert.

   ---_____.

   A. What a pleasure

   B. It"s a pleasure

   C. Pleased to meet you

   D. I"m very pleased

   二、单词 拼写:

   1.He was _________(营救) from imprisonment.

   2.He had several __________(机会) to go abroad but her never took them.

   3.They have done much to ________(推进) the cause of peace in the world.

   4.I"ll _______(讨论) this question with my friend.

   5.He was ________(授予,颁发) the prize for being the fastest runner.

   6.We were late, _______(因为) to the snow.

   7.I can"t ________(花得起) time to go traveling.

   8.I _______(收到) an invitation, but I didn"t accept it.

   9.The cat was playing with a ______(活的) mouse.

   10.It"s bad _______(礼貌,礼仪) to leave without saying goodbye.

   11.Don"t ______(打扰) me while I"m busy.

   12.His first speech as president made a strong ______(印象) on his audience.

   13.Social _______(风俗) vary greatly from country to country.

   14.The teacher has just ______(介绍) the new pupil to the rest of the class.

   15.He _______(拆开) the letter and began to read it.

   三、书面表达:

   写一篇100字左右的报道,报道一次火灾事故。

   起火时间:2004年2月15日上午11点20分。

   起火地点:吉林省吉林市中百商厦。

   起火原因:一员工将点燃的香烟掉落在库房,引燃地上纸屑。

   持续时间:至15点40分将火扑灭。

   伤亡情况:死亡54人,受伤70人。

   50多辆消防车和260多名消防官兵参加灭火,经济损失巨大。

   答案与分析:

   一、

   1.B 由题意他还没来得及跑出来,房顶就塌了可知rush out 前就fell 了。

   2.D 本题为doing做伴随状语,由题意我们尽快赶路以期赶上早班车可知hope动作与walk动作同时发生。

   3.A 题意为幸运的是,子弹差一英尺没有射中上尉,介词by可以和表示尺寸、距离、时间等的数量词连用,表示相差多少距离或增减的程度。

   4.C 本题中do you think为插入语,去掉后就是what has happened to her?

   5.A space作太空解时,前面通常不加冠词,stars是复数名词,表泛指时,前不加冠词,表特指时,前加the.

   6.C 本题通过语境考查词义辨析,mean to do表示打算做,meant to do 常表示本打算做却没有做。

   7.B apologize to sb. for (doing) sth., doing 的否定形式为not doing。

   8.D 根据语境可知说话者是指说话时正在进行的动作,强调动作的过程,并含有不满的情绪,因此用现在进行时,意思为你跑题了。

   9.B 第一空用现在进行时表示即将发生的动作,第二空用一般现在时表示按时间表安排的动作。

   10.A 回答表示祝愿的交际用语时用the same to you .

   11.A stand close to sb. 靠近某人站着,closely常表示抽象含义,意为密切地,接近地。

   12.A hold on to意为留着不卖,不放弃。

   13.B 表示由于某事而害怕用frightened, 表示令人害怕的用frightening, in fright 惊恐地,with fright 由于害怕。

   14.D introduce表示引进,采用,短语可用bring in.

   15.C 在别人初次作自我介绍后,一般以Pleased/Glad to meet/see you等作答。

   二、

   1.rescued 2.opportunities 3.advance 4.discuss 5.awarded

   6.owing 7.afford 8.received 9.live 10.manners

   11.disturb 12.impression 13.customs 14.introduced 15.unfolded

   三、

   (1)确定时态:一般过去时

   (2)新闻报道的开头应先用一两句话讲明时间、地点及事件。

   (3)注意换用不同句式表达,以避免重复。

   A Fire Accident

   A big fire broke out in Zhongbai Department Store of Jilin City of Jilin Province on February 15th,2004.

   The fire started at 11:20 in the morning and lasted more than four hours before it was at last put out at 3:40pm by 260 firemen as well as 50 fire engines. Fifty-four people were killed and more than seventy got injured in the fire. And the damage was uncountable. It is said that a worker dropped a burning cigarette end on the floor of the warehouse, which caused the fire to spread.

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